OwnerJuly 2015 to presentEl Cerrito

Finding best available technologies for meeting energy needs today and tomorrow: energy efficiency, demand response,, solar, wind, electric vehicles, biofuels and smart grid. It’s all the innovations that make the energy we use more secure, clean, and affordable. The energy world's best hopes lie in what's happening in the digital realm, especially in data analytics.

Friday, October 7, 2016

Electric Vehicles

The primary factor driving this decreasing cost is that EVs are inherently simpler devices only possessing 10% of the moving parts of gasoline-powered vehicles (cheaper to build, cheaper to maintain).

Every major car manufacturer is working on electric vehicles — the number of EV models on the market has grown from 2 in 2010 to over 25 today.

Just four months ago, Tesla Motors shattered expectations with the biggest one-week launch of any product ever by taking 400,000 preorders for its $35,000 Model 3 (implying $14 billion in future sales).

Ford has followed suit, investing $4.5 billion in electric cars, and will be adding 13 electric cars and hybrids by 2020, making more than 40 percent of its lines electrified.

J. Battery Technology
Current battery technology provides only limited vehicle performance and driving range—fewer than 50 miles between charging cycles. Once batteries that enable vehicles to travel 200 miles on a charge can be had for a few thousand dollars, the advantages of having a hybrid ICE range extender will dissolve.

The rollout of Tesla’s Gigafactory makes $100 per kwh lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles possible by 2020. This price point would yield an astonishing $0.11 per kWh electricity storage — or, in other words, allow you to fill up the equivalent of a tank of gas for $9.35.

I. Charging Stations
updated THURSDAY, OCTOBER 27, 2016
Cars are parked somewhere 23 hours a day – that’s where we need charging stations.

H. Car Sharing and Ride Sharing
Car owners invest huge amounts of time and money into an asset they barely use. Cars are driven only 8% of the time, while potential drivers walk past block after block of underutilized cars.

G. Supercapacitors
Energy storage that operates even faster than batteries could be achieved by super-capacitors that store charge directly in novel nano-engineered materials.

F. PHEV Overview
Monday, august 6, 2012
We use the equivalent to all our imported oil—for transport. And it is hard to know which aspect of that situation is worse: the huge transfer of wealth to oil-producing countries, the national security risks of that dependence, or the greenhouse gas emissions from our low-efficiency internal combustion engines.

Electric Freight 
updated friday, october 7, 2016 
Many fleet vehicles are prime candidates for early EV adoption and their main vehicles of choice are generally vans and pickup trucks.

D. Smart Charging
updated thursday, ocotver 27, 2016 
At the moment, the grid would be unable to cope if a large number of commuters arriving home plugged in their cars more at the same time to recharge them. Yet if those same cars were recharged at three o’clock in the morning, when demand is low, it would benefit both consumer (who would get cheap power) and producer (who would be able to sell otherwise wasted electricity).

C. Vehicle to Grid (V2G)
“Plug-ins can earn money supporting the grid, so we call them cash-back cars” – Jon Wellinghoff FERC Chairman.

B. EV Rate Design
California SB 626 requires the CPUC, in consultation with the CEC, CARB, utilities, and the motor vehicle industry,  to develop infrastructure sufficient to overcome any barriers to the widespread deployment and use of plug-in and electric vehicles, and to adopt rules by July 1, 2011, on  infrastructure and policy upgrades necessary for the widespread use of plug-in hybrid and electric vehicles.

A. Electric Transportation Interoperability
tuesday, august 23, 2011
NIST developed a roadmap for Electric Transportation standards as one of the "Four Priority Functionalities" that was identified by FERC in their "Smart Grid Policy" .

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